Not all V-shaped formation of lights in the night sky are UFOs – – a case in point


(CLICK ABOVE FOR ENLARGEMENT – – photo of a group of 6 small aircraft pilots flying in formation in Upper State New York in 1984)

Not every single V-shaped formation of lights in the night sky is a UFO.

Some may be, but not all.

Case in point:

A group of 6 small aircraft pilots from a local airport in upper State New York did an experiment back in 1984.

They did about 18 night-time “missions”, i.e., flying in formation, sometimes with lights  –  sometimes without lights – – sometimes with little light.

This hoax fooled at least some of the witnesses.

(CLICK ABOVE FOR ENLARGEMENT – – Another photo of a group of 6 small aircraft pilots flying in formation in upper State New York in 1984)

At the same time, not every V-formation of lights is a hoax.

The “U” in UFO simply stands for “unidentified”.

It could be anything.

There are still unknowns

It is still difficult to dismiss every incident in the so-called Hudson Valley sightings in the early 1980s.

As for the 6 pilots’ V-formation footage, it is included in the following video:

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The “battle of Los Angeles” of 1942 – – Army colonel explains what really happened


from Robert Sheaffer, BAD UFOs:

Here we see another example that cautions us against taking “eyewitness accounts” at face value.

Let us examine a first-hand account of the “battle” written by Col. John G. Murphy, who not only witnessed the shelling, but participated in an official investigation of the incident.

Serious researchers realize that, the closer in time is an account to the event it describes, the more likely it is to be accurate.

Col. Murphy wrote, “We interrogated approximately 60 witnesses – civilians, Army, Navy and Air commissioned and enlisted personnel… Roughly about half the witnesses were sure they saw planes in the sky.”

Given that no planes were ever sent up – not ours nor any Japanese – here we see another example that cautions us against taking “eyewitness accounts” at face value.


Antiaircraft Journal

published by the United States Coast Artillery Association

Vol. LXXXXII No. 3. May/June, 1949 page 4


Los Angeles “Attacked”

by Col. John G. Murphy, CAC:

There were no enemy air attacks on the West Coast.

There were two submarine attacks by gunfire-one on Ft. Stevens, Oregon, and one on some oil docks north of Los Angeles.

However there were many alerts, many blackouts, many alarms, and the antiaircraft troops were always in a pertinent condition of readiness.

Prior to the battle of Midway there was a distinct tenseness all along the West Coast.

We believed the Japanese would attack Midway, but we also knew he could change his plans and attack any of the important cities of the West Coast.

AA troops during this period were ready for any action.

They were always ready for action, albeit sometimes overready or maybe even gullible – – as was shown by the famous “Battle of Los Angeles.”


On Feb 26, 1942, the author was on a Staff visit to the 37th Brigade.

Sometime after midnight I was awakened by the sound of gunfire.

A quick glance through the window was not productive of any enlightening information.

A quick trip to the roof of the hotel brought reward for the upward toil.

It was a beautiful moonlight night, but the moon’s magnificence was dwarfed by the brilliant glare of nineties and three-inchers spewing fire to the heavens, the glare and noise of the bursting shells, the delicate sky tracery of red and green forty-millimeters and fifty-calibers arching lazily through the skies, and the brilliant incandescence of the searchlights probing the heavens, hither and yon-up and down.

A beautiful picture – a grand show!

But at what were they firing?

Imagination could have easily disclosed many shapes in the sky in the midst of that weird symphony of noise and color.

But cold detachment disclosed no planes of any type in the sky-friendly or enemy.

And suddenly all was quiet and only the light of the moon relieved the grim picture of a city in total blackout.

I lingered on the roof, ruminated on what it was all about and was idly wondering if I could find my way to brigade headquarters through the blackout when all hell broke loose again.

A cacophony of sound and a glaring brilliance again pervaded all!

But soon it was over and quiet and darkness again descended on the awakened city.

On my way to brigade headquarters next morning, screaming headlines in the morning papers told of the many Japanese planes brought down in flames.

At brigade headquarters there was much gloom.

No one knew exactly what had happened.

Maj. Gen. Jacob Fickel and Col. (later Maj. Gen.) Samuel Kepner flew down from San Francisco and with the writer constituted a board to investigate the firing.

We interrogated approximately 60 witnesses-civilians, Army, Navy and Air commissioned and enlisted personnel.

Roughly about half the witnesses were sure they saw planes in the sky.

One flier vividly described 10 planes in V formation.

The other half saw nothing.

The elevation operator of an antiaircraft director looking through his scope saw many planes.

His azimuth operator looking through a parallel scope on the same instrument did not see any planes.

Among the facts developed was that the firing had been ordered by the young Air Force controller on duty at the Fighter Command operations room.

Someone reported a balloon in the sky.

He of course visualized a German or Japanese zeppelin.

Someone tried to explain it was not that kind of balloon, but he was adamant and ordered firing to start (which he had no authority to do).

Once the firing started, imagination created all kinds of targets in the sky and everyone joined in.

Well after all these years, the true story can be told.

One of the AA Regiments (we still had Regiments) sent up a meteorological balloon about 1:00 AM.

That was the balloon that started all the shooting!

When quiet had settled down on the “embattled” City of the Angels, a different regiment, alert and energetic as always, decided some “met” data was needed, felt it had not done so well in the “battle” and thought a few weather corrections might help.

So they sent up a balloon, and hell broke loose again.

(Note: Both balloons, as I remember, floated away majestically and safely.)

But the inhabitants of Los Angeles felt very happy.

They had visual and auricular assurance that they were well protected.

And the AA gunners were happy!

They had fired more rounds than they would have been authorized to fire in 10 peacetime years’ target practices.


For an excellent article on the “Battle of Los Angeles”, click and read Brian Dunning’s :



Also, as for the question, “if it was a balloon, why didn’t it pop?

UFOlogists argue that a balloon subject to shelling would have popped, but there is evidence that anti-aircraft fire might be less effective against Zeppelin-type airships and balloons than common sense suggests.

Rigid and semi-rigid aircraft do not rely on substantial overpressure to sustain their shape, and unlike a party balloon won’t necessarily “pop” and deflate immediately when punctured.

The flexibility of a balloon or blimp’s gas bag also provides some protection from explosive anti-aircraft fire; with the skin denting and distorting to absorb the impact without actually puncturing.

This is exploited in experimental spy blimps such as the LEMV.

This means that a balloon may well be able to sustain damage from the anti-aircraft fire but not be actually shot down immediately.

Secondly, it isn’t guaranteed that a hydrogen dirigible or balloon will ignite when hit by normal bullets or shrapnel common to anti-aircraft fire.

During World War I, a Zeppelin, the L33, was hit by anti-aircraft fire, but did not catch fire. The ship was forced to crash-land in Britain, whereupon her crew set her ablaze. Fighter aircraft only began to see successes against Zeppelins when they switched from normal ammunition to a mixture of explosive and phosphorus incendiary bullets. A combination of these fired at a Zeppelin would invariably ignite the ship’s hydrogen gas bags.

This adds some credence to the possibility that shrapnel from the anti-aircraft batteries would not necessarily have destroyed a balloon outright but could have punctured it, leaving it to descend in to, and later sink in, the Pacific Ocean.

For more on the “battle of Los Angeles”, CLICK AND READ THE FOLLOWING:



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What is “reality”? – – that is the big question


by Norio Hayakawa – – May 6, 2017

We become absolutely speechless when it comes to describing how marvelous this Earth is that we are living in, considering that it is just a tiny planet of a rather seemingly insignificant solar system out of a countless number of such inside a corner of a vast galaxy which, in turn, is simply one of limitedless number of galaxies inside a rather insignificant, minuscule portion of this amazing, infinitely humongous, ever-expanding universe!!

When we look at the beautiful, star-filled night sky, several favorite questions often arise, such as “What is reality?”, “Why are we here?” and “Who is out there?”.

To be honest with you, I can only confidently answer those questions by saying “I don’t know”.

While living on this Earth, the only reality for sure that I have been aware of has been physical reality, the reality based on physical evidence, something that we can touch and measure.

Some folks, however, say that there are other “realities” in this vast cosmos.
But to me, unfortunately, it seems that most of us are limited in grasping what other “realities” are.

I would say that for most people, there is only one reality, i.e., the physical reality, the so-called real world.
Some others, however, say that there are “non-physical” realities that co-exist with our physical reality.

Those who believe that there are “non-physical” realities tend to be religious or spiritually oriented.
“Non-physical” realities seem to include emotion and beliefs.

In other words, “non-physical” realities seem to include such things as emotion, religion, beliefs, mysticism, myths and the paranormal.

There are many things in this physical existence that we still do not understand.
This is the reason why some folks like the popular motto, such as “I want to believe”, derived from the popular TV series “The X-files”:

But of course, there is a difference between “I want to believe” and “I believe”.

The so-called “UFO phenomenon” could be one of those things that we still do not fully understand.

However, even though it still remains unresolved, most people who believe they primarily live in the physical reality world (and that includes an overwhelming, vast majority of the world’s astronomers, scientists and engineers) do not seem to equate UFO phenomenon as conclusive evidence of physical ET visitations.

We must face the fact that the only discipline available so far to determine what is physically real is through the use of scientific or empirical methodology.

The late Carl Sagan who was considered to be one of the greatest gatekeepers of scientific credibility of the 20th Century said “I don’t want to believe, I want to know”:

Many folks therefore catergorize Carl Sagan as an atheist. But they are wrong.
Carl Sagan was never an atheist. He was simply an agnostic.

Just before he passed away in 1997, Carl Sagan wrote an excellent book entitled THE DEMON-HAUNTED WORLD – – Science as a candle in the dark – – ENLARGE IT BY CLICKING:

This New York Times-recommended best seller was a great, profound book telling us of the dangers of increasing preponderance of lop-sided, non-scientific thinking within a considerable segment of the American society.
The thinking process derived from scientific methods and deductions, based on reason and logic, seem to be on the decline among such segment of the population.
I can say for sure that Carl Sagan was absolutely right.

More and more folks seem to be having some difficulty in making a clear distinction between physical reality and “non-physical realities”, the latter of which seems to be primarily based on emotion and beliefs.

The danger comes when the belief in “non-physical realities” (which some people derogatively describe as “dreamland”) over-shadows the belief in physical reality (which most people call the “real world”).

I believe in both, but still (in my opinion) there has to be a balance.


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Powerful microwave weapons systems being developed in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Mock up of the CHAMP cruise missile microwave system shooting an electromagnetic wave. Courtesy of the Air Force Research Laboratory. Fri Apr 28 15:08:33 -0600 2017 1493413708 FILENAME: 553969.jpg

by Kevin Robinson-Avila, THE ALBUQUERQUE JOURNAL – – May 1, 2017


Massive ray guns that use microwaves to instantaneously down a swarm of incoming enemy drones are approaching prime-time reality, and could propel New Mexico into a leadership role in the next wave of modern defense technology.

The Air Force Research Laboratory at Kirtland Air Force Base is leading an effort to move such weapons out of the lab and into the hands of war fighters, with help from industry partners like Raytheon Missile Systems’ Ktech division in Albuquerque.

Those efforts have strong backing from New Mexico’s congressional delegation, particularly from Democratic Sen. Martin Heinrich, who is spearheading a push to pump more federal spending into development programs and to encourage the Pentagon to move faster on deployment.

“This technology using microwaves and lasers is ready for prime time,” Heinrich told the Journal.
“We’ve spent a lot on research and development over the years, but today we’re now capable of shooting down rockets, missiles or mortars that could put our troops in danger.
It’s developed enough to go beyond research and put this technology into the hands of Americans to make a difference.”

The military has concentrated in recent years on advancing laser weapons for fighter aircraft, Navy ships and Army vehicles.
But alongside that work, the Air Force lab in Albuquerque has done extensive research and development for decades on microwave, or high-power electromagnetic technology, to build systems that could add another layer of defense alongside lasers and conventional missiles and explosives – ones that would destroy enemy systems without harming civilians or infrastructure.

Mary Lou Robinson, chief of the High Power Electromagnetics Division at the Air Force lab, calls it game-changing technology.
“This is not evolutionary improvement in the way we fight wars, but a revolutionary improvement,” Robinson said.
“Directed energy systems (lasers and microwaves) have been called ‘systems of the future.’ They are the future, but the future is now.”

The Air Force lab’s role in laser-related work helped build a powerful industry cluster in New Mexico, with commercial contractors creating systems and spinning technology off into commercial markets.
The same could occur with microwave technology.
Apart from big firms like Raytheon and Boeing Co., dozens of small, local contractors already work with the lab on microwave technology.

“The AFRL has become the center of microwave development for the nation,” Robinson said. “The Navy is partnering with us on this because of our expertise in these technologies – – Albuquerque and New Mexico are well-poised to be a center of excellence for it.”

Despite decades of research, only a couple of systems have been deployed on the battlefield for actual use, or for testing and demonstration purposes. That includes the Air Force lab’s MaxPower System, which mounted a concentrated electromagnetic power system onto an armored truck. It was deployed for nine months of testing in Afghanistan in 2012 to destroy improvised explosive devices:

A microwave enabled armored vehicle built to destroy improvised explosive devices was developed at the Air Force Research Laboratory .Photographed on Wednesday February 15, 2017. .Adolphe Pierre-Louis/JOURNAL

The Air Force also used a nonlethal, vehicle-mounted Active Denial System, or “Pain Ray,” in Afghanistan. It causes a burning sensation on skin to disperse crowds or force people to drop their weapons, but it was never used.

Now, the Air Force lab is working with the Navy to adapt its Counter-electronics High-powered Microwave Advanced Missile Project, or CHAMP, for aircraft:

Mock up of the CHAMP cruise missile microwave system shooting an electromagnetic wave. Courtesy of the Air Force Research Laboratory. Fri Apr 28 15:08:33 -0600 2017 1493413708 FILENAME: 553969.jpg
One of the CHAMP microwave missiles developed by Raytheon Missile Systems’ Ktech division and the Boeing Co. Courtesy of the Air Force Research Laboratory. Fri Apr 28 15:08:33 -0600 2017 1493413708 FILENAME: 553970.jpg

The technology would fly over buildings and installations to destroy electronics, computers and other systems using microwaves but no explosions.
Raytheon and Boeing helped build that system, which was successfully flight-demonstrated in 2012.

Over the past two years, Congress has approved $15 million for the CHAMP program here, including nearly $5 million for Raytheon to upgrade two original CHAMP missiles that the Air Force and Navy will now continue to develop and adapt. Raytheon delivered the first one early this year, and the second is about to follow, said Raytheon Ktech site director Steve Downie.

Raytheon also developed its own “Phaserground system to protect bases and installations from incoming enemy drones or missiles. It successfully tested Phaser in 2013 at Fort Sill, Okla., downing two unmanned aerial vehicles simultaneously. It’s designed to take out multiple drones in a single sweep as they cross through the microwaves.
“Say there are 20 incoming UAVs,” Downie said. “If they all fly through our field, they all go down.”

That’s different from lasers, which must focus on one target. And lasers need a few seconds to destroy something, whereas microwaves are instantaneous.
“You don’t need to be Annie Oakley if you’re using a shotgun approach,” Robinson said. “The field spreads out to include a slew of UAVs in a large area. … We’re looking at opportunities to support Raytheon’s research and development on this and demonstrate it for base defense.”

If the system is deployed, Raytheon Ktech will manufacture the Phaser in Albuquerque at the Sandia Science and Technology Park, where it has a 103,000-square-foot facility. It’s adding a 72,000-square-foot building at the park this summer to better accommodate work on microwave systems and other technologies. Its workforce is expected to grow from 180 people now to 200 by the end of the year.

Meanwhile, Heinrich is working to accelerate military efforts to deploy both laser and microwave weapons. He called in March for establishment of a new Directed Energy Weapon System Demonstration Fund to develop the tactics, techniques and procedures for future deployment.

But the Pentagon needs to get fully on board to start moving systems from lab to battlefield, Heinrich said.
“The biggest challenge now is not technological; it’s cultural,” Heinrich told the Journal. “I’m optimistic, because the interest we’re seeing by other nations in these weapons is having an impact on the top brass at the Pentagon. I believe it will soon become easier to transition this technology into real systems to defend our troops.”




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Did Nazi Germany actually try to make a stealth fighter?

(Click above photos for enlargement)

by Sebastian Roblin, THE NATIONAL INTEREST – – November 5, 2016

As everyone knows by now, Northrop Grumman is presently developing a second flying wing stealth bomber, the B-21 Raider, to succeed its B-2 Spirit:


However, it was a pair of German brothers in the service of Nazi Germany that developed the first jet-powered flying wing—which has been dubbed, debatably, “Hitler’s stealth fighter.”

But maximizing speed and range, not stealth, was the primary motivation behind the bat-shaped jet plane.

Walter Horten was an ace fighter pilot in the German Luftwaffe, having scored seven kills flying as wingman of the legendary Adolf Galland during the Battle of Britain.
His brother Reimar was an airplane designer lacking a formal aeronautical education.
In their youth, the pair had designed a series of innovative tail-less manned gliders.

In 1943, Luftwaffe chief Herman Goering laid out the so-called 3×1000 specification for a plane that could fly one thousand kilometers an hour carrying one thousand kilograms of bombs with fuel enough to travel one thousand kilometers and back—while still retaining a third of the fuel supply for use in combat.
Such an airplane could strike targets in Britain while outrunning any fighters sent to intercept it.

Clearly, the new turbojet engines Germany had developed would be required for an airplane to attain such high speeds.
But jet engines burned through their fuel very quickly, making raids on more distant targets impossible.
The Horten brothers’ idea was to use a flying wing design—a tail-less plane so aerodynamically clean it generated almost no drag at all.
Such an airframe would require less engine power to attain higher speeds, and therefore consume less fuel.

Flying wing designs were not an entirely new idea and had been used before in both gliders and powered aircraft.
During World War II, Northrop developed its own high-performing XB-35 flying wing bomber for the U.S. military, though it failed to enter mass production.
Despite the aerodynamic advantages, the lack of a tail tended to make fly wing aircraft prone to uncontrolled yaws and stalls.

The Horten brothers were given the go-ahead to pursue the concept in August 1943.
They first built an unpowered glider known as the H.IX V1.
The V1 had long, thin swept wings made of plywood in order to save weight.
These “bell-shaped” wings compensated for yawing problem.
Lacking a rudder or ailerons, the H.IX relied upon “elevons” (combinations of ailerons and elevators) and two sets of spoilers for control.
The elevons could be moved differentially to induce roll, or together in the same direction to change pitch, while the spoilers were used to induce yaw.

Following successful tests of the V1 glider at Oranienberg on March 1944, the subsequent V2 prototype was mounted with two Jumo 004B turbojet engines nestled to either side of a cockpit pod made of welded steel tubing.
It also featured a primitive ejection seat and a drogue chute deployed while landing, while redesigned tricycle landing gear was installed to enable the plane to carry heavier loads.

The first test flight occurred on February 2, 1945.
The manta-shaped jet exhibited smooth handling and good stall resistance.
The prototype even reportedly beat an Me 262 jet fighter, equipped with the same Jumo 004 engines, in a mock dogfight.

But the testing process was cut short on February 18 when one of the V2’s jet engines caught fire and stopped mid-flight.
Test pilot Erwin Ziller performed a number of turns and dives in an effort to restart the engine, before apparently passing out from the fumes and spiraling his plane into the ground, mortally wounding him.

Regardless, Goering had already approved the production of forty flying wings, to be undertaken by the Gotha company, which mostly produced trainers and military gliders during World War II.
The production planes were designated Ho 229s or Go 229s.
Because of the Ho 229’s great speed—it was believed the production version would be able to attain 975 kilometer per hours—it was repurposed to serve as a fighter with a planned armament of two heavy Mark 103 thirty-millimeter cannons.
Construction of four new prototypes—numbered V3 throuh V6— was initiated, two of which would have been two-seat night fighters.

However, the Ho 229 never made it off the ground.
When American troops of VIII Corps rolled into the factory at Friedrichroda, Germany in April 1945, they found just the cockpit sections of the prototypes in various stages of development.
A single pair of corresponding wings was found 75 miles away.
The most complete of the four, the V3 prototype, was shipped back to the United States for study along with the wings, and can today be seen under restoration at the Udvar-Hazy Center of the United States Air and Space Museum in Chantilly, Virginia.

The Hortens were reassigned to draft specifications for a flying wing jet bomber with range enough to deliver an atom bomb to the east coast of the United States.
Their resulting schematics for the Horten H.XVIII “Amerika Bomber” flying wing were never realized, except arguably in the film Captain America [3].

Was the Ho 229 a stealth fighter?

One word you haven’t seen in this history so far is “stealth” — and that’s because there isn’t any documentation from the 1940s supporting the notion that the flying wing was intended to be a stealth aircraft.
And yet, the Hortens had stumbled upon the fact that a flying wing design lends itself to the sort of reduced radar cross-section ideal for a stealth plane.

Reimer Horten moved to Argentina after the war, and in 1950 wrote an article for the Revista Nacional de Aeronautica arguing that wooden aircraft would absorb radar waves. Thirty years later, as the theory behind stealth aircraft became more widely known, Reimer wrote that he had intentionally sought to make the Horten flying wing into a stealth plane, claiming that he had even constructed the airframe using a special radar absorbent mixture of carbon, sawdust and wood glue without notifying his superiors.
Two tests were undertaken to determine the presence of the carbon dust, one of which supported his claim and the other that didn’t.

In general, historians are skeptical that stealth was a design goal from the outset.
In 2008, Northrop Grumman teamed up with the National Geographic channel to reconstruct a mockup of the Ho 229, which they tested for radar reflection, and then pitted against a simulation of the British Chain Home radar network.
Their findings were less than overwhelming — the flying wings would have been detected at a distance 80 percent that of a standard German Bf. 109 fighter.

The Northrop testers stressed that combined with the Ho 229’s much greater speed, this modest improvement would have given defending fighters too little time to react effectively.
But of course, the flying wing’s main feature was always supposed to be its speed, which could have exceeded the maximum speed of the best Allied fighters of the time by as much as 33 percent.
Detection time would not have mattered greatly if it could outrun everything sent to intercept it.

Furthermore, stealth would have had little usefulness in the fighter role the Ho 229 would actually have assumed, as the Allied daylight fighters ranging over Germany did not benefit from radars of their own.

The Ho 229 might have been a formidable adversary over the skies of World War II, but in truth the plane was far from ready for mass production by the war’s end.
While it seems a stretch to claim that the Ho 229 was intended to be a stealth aircraft, there’s little doubt that it pioneered design features that continue to see use in low-observable aircraft today.





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Amazing clouds of New Mexico, U.S.A. – – captured on my inexpensive pocket camera


This is why I love New Mexico at dusk – – colors, colors, colors.
Looking at the Sandia Mountains and Corrales in the distance, from Rio Rancho – – October 9, 2016 – 6:30 p.m. – temperature 62 degrees F   (16 degrees C).   All I can say is that I was just lucky, lucky, lucky – – as well as the guy standing in back of the bench.   And  I took this lucky shot with my inexpensive pocket camera, the only camera I own!!
By the way, this is my favorite spot, about a couple of blocks from our home. What’s interesting is that clouds change their shape, density and reflection of the sun within few minutes, so you have to take a picture quickly to get the view you want, as shown in the following two photos:

New Mexico, U.S.A., is truly a Land of Enchantment….in more ways than one.
The skies here in New Mexico are simply gorgeous.
Just looking at the beautiful clouds every day gives me so much peace and pleasure.
For the past few years I have begun to carry with me an inexpensive pocket camera at all times, just to see if I could snap a photo of interesting and beautiful clouds here.
I am not a professional photographer. In fact, I don’t know much about photography or cameras, and I don’t even own an expensive camera.  The only camera I own is this one, an inexpensive pocket camera!!
All I know is how to put my inexpensive pocket camera into auto focus and just push the botton at the right moment – – LOL!!

Usually, gorgeous clouds appear around sunset or at dawn, reflecting the sun’s rays on the them.
But sometimes, amazing white cumulus clouds and other interesting clouds appear during broad daylight.
Well, pictures speak more than words.
So, please enjoy the following photos that I have taken:

Taken on June 16, 2015 at 8:15 p.m. – across from our house in Rio Rancho:

Sandia Mountains in the distance at sundown…….September 17, 2017…..7 p.m., from Rio Rancho, New Mexico, U.S.A…..temperature 62 degrees F (17 degrees C):

New Mexico has such a diversity of clouds.  Here is a “Rail Runner” in the sky.  A streamlined cloud over the Sandia Mountains.  From my favorite spot in Rio Rancho – 3 p.m., January 8, 2017:

No, it’s not a flying saucer. It’s my first lenticular cloud. Not a great one but it’s better than nothing – – January 10, 2017, 3 p.m. in Rio Rancho.
My dream is to catch a perfect lenticular cloud some day:

Sunset colors on February 10, 2018 – – taken at 6 p.m. in Rio Rancho…temperature 60 degrees F  (16 degrees C):

Photo number two – – Sunset colors on February 10, 2018…..6 p.m. in Rio Rancho:

I would call this “Fire in the sky”.
They’re simply amazing clouds – – they’re just spectacular.
Taken at around 8:30 p.m., June 5, 2016, across our street in Rio Rancho:

This is why I love New Mexico, U.S.A. – – the colors.
Looking towards Corrales in the distance and the Sandia Mountains – October 2, 2015, 6:30 p.m., taken from our favorite spot in Corrales Heights of Rio Rancho:

And, finally, the sunset that we take for granted every evening here in beautiful New Mexico, USA.
Taken at 6 pm on February 18, 2018, looking at the Sandia Mountains from Rio Rancho……temperature 60 degrees F (16 degrees C):


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