When Bob Lazar lived near Albuquerque, New Mexico

by Norio Hayakawa, January 26, 2023

The UFO community is quite familiar with the eccentric and still enigmatic Bob Lazar who first gained fame  (or notoriety, as some would say)  after 1989, when he first revealed that he had worked at a secret location in Nevada, just 10 miles south of Area 51, which he called “S-4”, which was allegedly located at that time by Papoose Dry Lake.

Bob Lazar’s background is shrouded in mystery and much of his story still cannot be verified.

He was born in Coral Gables, Florida but apparently lived in New York and then later, in Southern California.  Later on, he allegedly moved to Massachusetts.   After that he moved to New Mexico and lived in Los Alamos where he claimed he worked for the Los Alamos National Laboratories  (under the auspices of Kirkmayer Corporation, a contractor for the Laboratories).

In the early 1980s, Lazar moved to Las Vegas, Nevada after Edward Teller allegedly recommended E.G. & G. Corporation that they hire him for a specific job at Nevada Test Site.  The rest is history.

But after his stint in Las Vegas ended, Lazar moved back to New Mexico, if I am not mistaken, in the early 2000s.  This time near Albuquerque. 

He settled down in a small community called Sandia Park, just behind the Sandia Mountains.    It was here that he set up his small company called United Nuclear, and he started selling small scientific equipment and chemicals to the public, but mainly to some small defense contractors in Albuquerque.   His warehouse was not too far from his house.  Some say that it was not Sandia Park but Edgewood, which is contiguous to Sandia Park.

I believe it was around 2007 or 2008  (I could be wrong on that.  In fact I was just told that the raid took place in 2006)  that Federal agents raided his home and his business in Sandia Park, alleging that he had been selling illegal chemicals as well as uranium to the public.   I only learned about the raid after my wife and I moved from California to New Mexico in 2008.

Whether or not Bob Lazar had any dealings with a uranium mine in the Navajo Reservation, I do not know, because, coincidentally, there is a large company called United Nuclear Corporation that owns a uranium mine and mill within the Navajo Nation in Church Rock, New Mexico.

In any case, after the raid, Bob Lazar then moved to Michigan and restarted his Unite Nuclear company.  Some say that at one time he did some work for Raytheon, a defense contractor.

But a few years ago, I understand that he and his operations now moved to Klamath Falls, Oregon.    While in Michigan, however, from what I heard, his house there and his business were again raided by Federal agents.

Here in Albuquerque, I met a gentleman by the name of Jim Brockway who said he interacted with Bob Lazar several times at Bob Lazar’s home in Sandia Park.  Jim was doing business with Bob Lazar since Jim was working at that time for a small company here in Albuquerque that dealt with scientific equipment and chemicals.

Jim told me that indeed Lazar was kind of eccentric but he knew his stuff very well.

Jim told me that one day Bob Lazar had a barbecue party here in Albuquerque and invited several of his clients  (including him)  to a house right near Thunder Scientific Corporation located right next to the main gate of Kirtland Air Force Base on Wyoming Blvd.

Whether or not Lazar had any dealings with Thunder Scientific Corporation I do not know.    As many in the UFO community are familiar, Thunder Scientific Corporation was founded by the late Paul Bennewitz, a scientist who lived in the Four Hills area of Albuquerque, almost right next to the former Manzano Underground nuclear storage site.   After Bennewitz’s death in 2003, his sons took over the company and even today, Thunder Scientific Corporation does business with Kirtand AFB, selling scientific equipment to the base, such as high altitude calibration equipment, etc. etc.

Here is an interview I just had with Jim Brockway:

In the interview, I believe there was a discrepancy (or confusion on his part) as to the year that he interacted with Lazar (he said it was around 2013) because Lazar was long gone from New Mexico by then.   After the raid (which took place in 2006), by 2008 he had already moved to Michigan.



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The enduring mystery of an aggressive FBI raid near Area 51

by Lucas Ropek, GIZMODO, January 19, 2023



When federal agents kicked in his door one icy morning last November, Joerg Arnu was still asleep.  Roused by deafening bangs and shouts, the 60-year-old retired software developer stumbled out of bed to find a crowd of unfamiliar men in military gear standing in his foyer.

One of the half dozen men, he remembers, was visibly armed and pointing a gun in his direction.  Another was holding a riot shield.  “This is the FBI,” one yelled.  “Put your hands against the wall!” 

Less than a minute later, Arnu was being handcuffed and led forcefully outside, dressed only in sweatpants and a T-shirt.  His house, located in the remote town of Rachel, Nevada, had been swarmed by police vans.  Shivering from a lightly falling snow, he was placed in the back of one of the vehicles, while over a dozen agents from the FBI and the Air Force Office of Special Investigations – – the Air Force’s secretive counterintelligence wing – – poured into his home. 

Not long afterwards, agents started asking him questions.  One of the first things they wanted to know was: “Are there any booby traps on the property?”  To Arnu, it seemed like a pretty weird thing to ask.  A retired software developer and self-admitted senior citizen?  Did that really sound like somebody who would boobytrap his own house?

Of course, Arnu had one particular hobby that he felt might be of interest to federal investigators: he had spent the last two decades tending to a popular blog about “Area 51,” the remote military base near Rachel that was known for its shroud of mystery and UFO lore. 

Arnu’s site,  DREAMLANDRESORT,  regularly posted news about the base – – including articles about its alleged connection to “black projects” and other clandestine government operations.  When police crashed into his life that wintry day, he suspected it had something to do with this.  Still, running a blog wasn’t illegal, and the force with which the government had come down on him seemed unbelievable.  Just what exactly were agents looking for what?  And what did they think he’d done?

On the same morning of the raid in Rachel, federal law enforcement descended on another property owned by Arnu, a house in Las Vegas, where his girlfriend Linda Hellow was staying at the time.  She said that the raid similarly involved 15 to 20 armed agents in riot gear.  “I heard and felt a large ‘BOOM,’” said Hellow, who was upstairs when police first entered the residence.  “Don’t ask me what I hollered, probably ‘Who the eff are you?’”

After identifying themselves as the FBI, agents quickly escorted her outside in her underwear  (she wouldn’t be allowed to dress properly until later, when an agent brought her a pair of pants).

Arnu shared pictures with GIZMODO of the damage caused by the feds as they stormed both residences.  They clearly showed door frames that have been violently impacted.  Arnu says that agents also tracked mud all over his carpeting, broke a desk and a lamp, and left his homes in a state of disarray.  The damages from the raids total approximately $5,000, he said.

The biggest loss that the blogger suffered, however, was the assets that police seized during the raids: approximately $20,000 worth of electronics, according to him.  This included five computers, multiple phones, external hard drives, digital cameras, and an expensive drone, among other items.

“I’d really like to have my stuff back,” Arnu said in an interview.  “I lost all of the backups.  I lost literally all of the information that I had saved on my computers, including tax information, financial information, medical records – – all of that is gone and is basically being held hostage by the FBI right now.”

As of this week, it’s been more than two months since the government raided both of Arnu’s properties, but he still hasn’t been charged with a crime.  He was served with a search warrant that was missing dozens of pages and gave no reason for the raid; the case records related to the warrant have been sealed, so there’s no way of telling what the point of the search was.  He also hasn’t been able to get in touch with the FBI, aside from a letter from the agency’s legal department denying reimbursement for the damage caused during the raids, he said.  And, it goes without saying, he never got his stuff back.

“I believe the search, executed with completely unnecessary force by overzealous government agents, was meant as a message to silence the Area 51 research community,” Arnu recently wrote on his website.

The lingering questions around the case have yet to be answered: what were federal agents after when they ransacked his residences in Rachel and Las Vegas?  Why did they feel the need to conduct their raids with such force?  And what exactly did Arnu do to incur their wrath?

For decades, Area 51 has been popularly associated with UFO sightings and with extraterrestrial lore.  But Arnu doesn’t believe in little green men, and if you peruse Dreamland, you’ll find that he doesn’t think the secretive military base has anything to do with aliens.  Instead, the hobbyist researcher says that America’s UFO mythology is little more than a smokescreen to hide the much more mundane reality of what goes on at Area 51: the testing of classified military projects and aircraft.

The UFO craze first “started when Area 51 was first founded in the 1950s for the U2 spy plane project,” Arnu said.  “All of a sudden airline pilots would see something way above them, at 80,000 feet or whatever [where the U2 was known to fly].  So that’s when this whole ‘UFO’ story was born as a diversion from what is really going on.”

Arnu said that, over the years, he has met a lot of people who have claimed to have seen something strange in the skies around Rachel.  “By seeing how easy it is to misidentify something they see as a ‘UFO,’ I really became a skeptic,” he said.  “I came to realize it’s really all about military aviation.”

Other writers and researchers have come to similar conclusions.  Journalist Annie Jacobsen’s AREA 51:  AN UNSENSORED HISTORY OF AMERICA’S TOP SECRET MILITARY BASE , tells the story of how – – at the height of the Cold War in the 1950s and 60s – – the CIA used the base to develop new surveillance planes to spy on the Soviets.  These included the U-2, as well as “Operation Oxcart,” a program that spawned numerous surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft.

This is where the possible motive for the government’s raids comes in.  What the agents were looking for may have been evidence that he had illegally photographed the military base, according to Arnu and others who know him.

According to Hellow, an agent present at the Vegas raid told her: “Your boyfriend took pictures of a military installation – – that’s against the law.”  In a blog post on Dreamland, Arnu similarly said that all he was told about the investigation was that it was “related to images posted on my Area 51 website.”

Taking an unauthorized picture of a defense installation  (such as a military base)  is a federal misdemeanor offense – – on par with hunting or fishing in a wildlife refuge.  It carries with it a punishment of a $1,000 fine and up to a year in jail.

However, Arnu maintains that he never broke the law and that the government’s case against him – -whatever it is – – has zero merit.  “I had some photos [on my website] of Area 51 that were about two years old,” said Arnu, which he believes were the reason for the raid.  “They were legally obtained.  There’s absolutely nothing illegal about them,” he said.  “Most of these photos were not taken by me, I just published them [on the site].”  He adds that they were “not classified photos” and that they “were not taken from inside the boundary” – – that is, the area inside the perimeter of the base that is off-limits to civilians.  Arnu says the photos had already been widely circulated on other news websites and TV shows, making it inexplicable why the government would target him and him alone.

A Fishing Expedition?

Without expedient answers from the government, Arnu has taken to calling officials’ raid a “fishing expedition”—an attempt to dig up dirt on him without a concrete basis.  He also thinks it was the government’s way of intimidating him into shutting down his blog.  In particular, the confiscation of the computer equipment that he uses to operate Dreamland Resort seems – – to Arnu – – like a naked attempt to shut down the site.

Michael German, a former FBI agent who has been critical of the bureau since leaving it, called Arnu’s case “troubling.” German, who now works as a fellow with the Brennan Center for Justice in New York, told GIZMODO that it wasn’t unusual for the FBI to conduct an operation like this to “send a message,” and to cow a specific individual or community.  That’s particularly disturbing given Arnu’s role as a person involved in media, he added.

“Certainly it [an operation like this] could intimidate other journalists who were writing about these secret government programs.  That chilling effect seems to be part of why they would be so aggressive in a case where the level of dangerousness is not clear,” he said.  On top of this, German notes that the targeting of Joerg’s computer equipment “raises concerns that the intent may have been to impede his ability to exercise his First Amendment rights.”

Peter Merlin, an aviation historian, fellow Area 51 researcher, and colleague of Arnu’s  (he occasionally contributes to Dreamland),  said the raids seemed designed to discourage Arnu and others from engaging in further Area 51 research. He does not blame the agents who conducted the raids, however, so much as whoever decided to mobilize them.

“It’s almost pointless to get mad at the Air Force for doing this, or even the FBI,” Merlin said.  “If someone shoots you in the leg, do you get mad at the gun?  No, you get mad at the guy who pulled the trigger.  These guys are just a tool and somebody obviously weaponized them because they wanted to send Joerg a message.  Somebody doesn’t like what he’s doing.”

The government has continued to be tight-lipped about the episode.  GIZMODO reached out multiple times to both the FBI and the Air Force Office of Special Investigations for comment on the November raids.  The FBI responded but refused to commentAFOSI never responded.

While Arnu waits for answers, he’s trying to get on with his life.  In addition to a slew of interviews with the press, the blogger has launched a  GOFUNDME  to help pay for the damages inflicted by the raids and to finance his legal expenses (he has now hired a lawyer).  He’s also trying to make up for the thousands of dollars of computer equipment that have vanished into government evidence lockers.

“I was treated like a drug dealer or some hardened criminal,” Arnu said during o ne of our interviews.  “I was manhandled.  I’m a sixty-year-old guy.  There was no reason to bang me against the wall and drag me out of my own home in handcuffs…I just don’t see any reason to treat an unarmed senior citizen that way.”





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Do aliens exist?

by Norio Hayakawa, January 18, 2023:

My answer is:

We still do not know for sure.

As I stated before many times elsewhere, it seems to me that the UFO phenomenon is real, even though we still have not been able, yet, to get to the bottom of what this phenomenon truly is.   As far as “aliens” are concerned, there is no scientifically proven evidence yet of their physical existence, so far.

The only thing we know is that we humans exist:

Sentient, intelligent, physical terrestrial biological entities


In the meantime, as far as “aliens” are concerned, it is so important here to understand the definition of “aliens”, as widely interpreted, if they exist in any shape or form.

Here is the most universally accepted definition of “aliens”:

Sentient, intelligent, physical, extraterrestrial biological entities    (But so far there is no scientifically proven evidence for their physical existence)


To this I would like to add my own definition of “aliens”:

Sentient, intelligent, extradimensional, “paraphysical”  entities  (Even though so far there is no scientifically proven evidence for their existence)


Some say God is an “alien”.

And in this sense, those folks say that what are popularly regarded as angels  (whether they are “benevolent” ones, such as “guardian angels” or “malevolent” ones, such as “fallen, demonic ones”)  are “aliens”.

Whatever the case may be, it is my opinion that only humans are given a chance to change. 


Lastly, here is an interesting comment by this site’s frequent commentator, Jon D,  on all this:

“I believe the best way to describe what ‘aliens’ are, is any form of life that may be more intelligent than we are.  That generally scares most of us.  Why does the thought of something more intelligent inflict fear?  I think it’s the result of a damaged or karma-induced human psyche.  We’ve mistreated forms of life we have deemed less intelligent than us for millennia now, so we fear something more intelligent than us would be capable of treating us the same way.”



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Growing up international at St. Joseph College in Yokohama, Japan

By Kunio Francis Tanabe, April 6, 1997



“GIVE ME a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life,” the Edinburgh schoolmistress confidently declares in Muriel Spark’s memorable novel THE PRIME OF MISS JEAN BRODIE.

Although I did not have a single teacher as overwhelming as Miss Brodie (thank the Lord), so much of my own identity has been shaped — yes, for life — by the people at St. Joseph College.

For 12 impressionable years, from the age of 6 to 18, I was a student at this small all-boys Catholic school in the port city of Yokohama, Japan.


The entire school had fewer than 500 students in both primary and secondary levels during the peak years and has only 156 students today.

In 1982 the school became coeducational, and two years later the name of the school was changed to St. Joseph International School.

But ever since its founding in 1901 by the Society of Mary, the school has operated continuously — the only interruptions being the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 and the aerial bombing during World War II, both of which demolished much of Yokohama, (now) Japan’s second largest city.

In November 1995, news reached me from family and former schoolmates halfway around the globe that St. Joseph’s will cease to exist.

The combination of a dwindling religious faculty and an insufficient number of new students seems to have contributed to the impending demise.  A flurry of phone calls and e-mail and letters containing news clippings arrived.

Before I could fathom the implications of the closing, a movement led by parents and alumni to save the school emerged. A familiar story?  Perhaps. But I’d like to believe there is something odd and unique about my school.

What distinguished St. Joe’s in Yokohama from the other schools in Japan was that during my 12 years there, it was truly catholic: teachers and students came from all over the world.  My first-grade teacher, Brother Leo Kraft, was Swiss; my senior homeroom teacher, Brother Robert Wood, was from St. Louis. In between, I had Brother Jose Arnaiz from Spain, who mesmerized us with episodes from Don Quixote; and Brother Germain, Alsatian and a former French Foreign Legionaire.  This beekeeper, gardener and stamp collector extraordinaire told us how he survived the trek across the Sahara by drinking his own urine.

I confessed my sins to Father Pila, an Italian, who once tore up a photograph of Kim Novak in clinging cardigan that my friend Wataru Ogawa passed during lunchtime.  Ouch!  The punishment was harsh, but after school we had our sweet revenge: We saw Kim clap and sway to the soft jazz of “Moonglow” and walk down the steps toward William Holden who waited for her under Japanese lanterns on a floating dance floor on the lake and the moon did glow in the movie, which was “PICNIC”

That was in eighth grade when our hormones began to bubble.  And speaking of picnics and lunches: We had a spontaneous ritual of exchanging lunches with our classmates.  There was Ravil, the Muslim cleric’s son from Turkey, with his egg and vegetables sandwiched in homemade pita; Nicholas, whose mother had fled Communist Russia to bring us the finest piroshki; Dick Tilley, the U.S. Army brat, whose peanut butter and jelly sandwiches tasted oh so exotic.  He didn’t like my Japanese rice balls with plums and seaweed, but he devoured the rolls with chocolate fillings from Kimuraya that I purchased on the way to school.

After class, we wandered about Chinatown where some of my classmates lived and munched on steamed dumplings and sweet-and-sour pickled plums.  We drank Viennese coffee at Motomachi’s German Bakery and ate apple strudel while we ogled the girls from St. Maur’s, Ferris and Futaba high schools.

I joined the Boy Scouts, not just any troop but International Troop Number One, founded and chartered by Sir Robert Baden-Powell himself when he visited St. Joseph College in 1918.  I was told by the current principal that it is still the only international Boy Scout troop in the world.  I remember the national jamboree in Karuizawa when we marched in front of the Crown Prince of Japan, the current Emperor Akihito.  Our magnificently motley troop made it onto the pages of a famous newsmagazine.  While others ate atrociously cooked scout food, we were the only troop that was invited by a prominent Japanese politician to a fancy lunch — all because we were different.

In high school I was a singer for the Blue Saints, a rock ‘n’ roll band that played a lot of hit music — from Elvis to Little Richard.  Our bandleader, Yankee Soo, was Chinese; Jose de Cossio was Peruvian, and Seyoum Yohannes, the Ethiopian ambassador’s son, played base guitar.  Our female vocalist, Amy Eyton from St. Maur’s, was partly British. We had a couple of older students from Keio University and several Japanese including myself from St. Joe’s.  But what united us all was our love of American music, which had a hold on us long before we heard the phrase “cultural hegemony.”


Then there was soccer.  It’s wildly popular in Japan now, but back in the ’50s and ’60s, it was still an exotic game.  At St. Joe’s it dominated all other sports.  Brother Enrique Zabala, the Basque from Vitoria with a grace that rivaled the finest Spanish matador, was our esteemed coach.  Our international team was so good we had to play against college teams, and we still won the city championship.  Word got around the globe that sailors who arrived in Yokohama were eagerly anticipating a soccer game against us — high school kids! To even the matches, our teachers joined in. And they were ferocious.

Last summer I returned to my alma mater with my Belgian wife to give a talk on journalism and literature, a role reversal that I found quite satisfying.  I had been back perhaps a dozen times since my graduation in 1961, and each visit uplifted me with an exhilarating rush of memories.  The experience is somewhat akin to what Wordsworth wrote, “of splendour in the grass, of glory in the flower,” in his ode “Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood.” It was the closest thing to coming home, a place where I grew up and came of age.  My childhood home down the hill from St. Joseph in front of Honmoku Beach was torn down years ago.  Which is just as well since the politicians and big businesses that colluded to produce Japan’s economic miracle decided to bulldoze the romance of the seashores and build oil refineries and loading docks for cargo ships.  There is such irony to the destruction since the name of the city, Yokohama, means “horizontal beach”: There are no beaches left in the city.

Perhaps it’s a quixotic endeavor to join the movement to keep St. Joseph International School from closing but it’s truly in the spirit of what our teachers taught us — the nobility of pursuing our dreams.  Many of our graduates pursued seemingly quixotic dreams, I am sure.

I was informed by a teacher at St. Joseph that in 1987, one of our graduates, a 1922 valedictorian named Charles J. Pedersen, was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry.  Pedersen was born in Korea to a Japanese mother and a Norwegian father, studied in the United States and became an American. Such an exotic blend isn’t all that unique at St. Joseph.

Another successful dreamer who attended our school was Isamu Noguchi, whose mother was American, his father Japanese.  And what an adventurous life he led.  He was briefly married to one of the most glamorous actresses in Japan, was almost shot by Diego Rivera when he was with the Mexican artist’s wife, Frida Kahlo.  Isamu was a close friend of Buckminster Fuller and Martha Graham and designed stage settings for the avant-garde Martha Graham Dance Company. He studied with Brancusi in Paris, became a sculptor, and had a delightfully eclectic career, from designing lamps to public parks.  Perhaps the Catholic teachers would not have approved of his lifestyle, but he was certainly an intriguing artist.

At St. Joseph I learned the importance of perspective.  As with the globe that can be viewed from different angles to give new meaning to our understanding (try looking at the United States and Russia from the North Pole, for example), I have come to appreciate points of view in learning — politics and history, art and literature, whatever the subject might be.

I remember our history class in our senior year when my Ethiopian classmate stood up to protest the U.S. policy in Africa, specifically the events in the Congo (now Zaire), a few months after Patrice Lumumba was assassinated in 1960.  Seyoum talked about Lumumba as a great man and patriot who fought against colonialism, and said that the CIA was involved in undermining his efforts.  None of us could fully comprehend what he was talking about.  But in 1975, after the U.S. Senate Intelligence Committee hearings led by Sen. Frank Church revealed the extent of the CIA’s dirty tricks, I finally began to fathom the meaning of Seyoum’s outrage.

Times have changed.  The neighborhood, on a hill overlooking the city and known as the Bluff for over a century, is dotted with fancy new restaurants on grounds where some of my schoolmates’ homes once stood.

For now, St. Joseph still stands at 85 Yamate-cho, near the city’s landmark, the Foreign Cemetery where many of my teachers are buried.  At a recent school reunion near Washington, D.C., with Brother Daniel Calvo, a teacher I had known since third grade, we reminisced about old times and talked about saving our school.  While listening to the Spanish teacher talk longingly of returning to Japan, some of us realized that the movement to save the school was not just for the current students and for the alumni.  It was also for those dedicated teachers who left their faraway homes across the oceans to teach at St. Joseph’s.  For some it was their only home.  And, come to think of it, they were ours for life.


Kunio Francis Tanabe is an assistant editor and art director of Book World.



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U.S. Navy wiped camera footage at China Lake

contributed by Ty (dreamlandresort) and Eammon Jacobs, INSIDER:


Top Gun:  Maverick” director, Joseph Kosinski, says the Navy wiped one of his cameras because he might have filmed something he wasn’t supposed to see at Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake in California.   

(China Lake is the nation’s leading edge Naval weapons testing center, and is located right next to Ridgecrest, California)

This seems to be in line with a previous interview in which he claims they had to relocate a secret test article to allow them to use the hangar for the opening “Darkstar” rollout scene.

The 2022 movie “Top Gun:  Maverick” has been hugely successful, raking in $1.48 billion worldwide, according to Box Office Mojo, thanks to its emotional story and gripping aerial action sequences.

Part of the success is attributable to Kosinski putting the audience in the jets with the pilots, and he recently told DEADLINE that he worked closely with the U.S. Navy to make sure it was an authentic representation of the military.

The director also said that after one of his visits to the base, the US Navy confiscated his camera.

Kosinski said: “So, I got to live that dream of being in the Navy for a couple years.  I got to go to places that civilians don’t get to go to.  I got to see things that no civilian would get to see.  I had my camera confiscated at one point.  Wiped clean.”

The “Tron: Legacy” and “Oblivion” director added that in his “quest for authenticity”,  he thought he took a photograph of something he wasn’t supposed to see.

Kosinski added: “I took some pictures and maybe captured something I wasn’t supposed to capture, and my camera was quickly returned to me without any photos on it.”

The director went on to say that it was a “dream” to collaborate with the US Navy on “Top Gun”.



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‘We have nothing’ showing UFOs are of alien origin, Defense official says

(I totally agree with this, if the definition of alien is strictly limited to physical, extraterrestrial biological entities“……however, this discussion will remain meaningless if we do not include such as “extradimensionality” and even “paraphysicality” which the government will never touch as a legitimate subject matter – – Norio Hayakawa)

by Kirsten Errick, NEXT GOV – – January 5, 2023:



So far, data has not shown unidentified anomalous phenomena to be from an alien source, according to defense officials.

Unlike what is portrayed in television and movies, the government has not found evidence of UFOs – – or unidentified flying objects – – that are extraterrestrial in nature.  However, the government is expanding efforts to collect data on objects it still can’t explain.

According to a media roundtable held last month, the Defense Department’s All-domain Anomaly Resolution Office is tracking and analyzing unidentified anomalous phenomena, or UAP – – the term is an updated version of UFO and the previous version of UAP, or unidentified aerial phenomena, to reflect unidentified phenomena not just in the air, but also on the ground and in sea and space – – that pose a threat.

“Unidentified objects in the skies, sea and space pose potential threats to safety and security, particularly for operational personnel,” AARO Director Sean Kirkpatrick said.  “AARO is leading a focused effort to better characterize, understand and attribute these objects and is employing the highest scientific and analytic standards.”

As noted at the roundtable, AARO – – which was provided for in the 2022 National Defense Authorization Act, established in July and replaced the former Navy-led Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force – – is working with other agencies to improve its data collection on UAPs. Agency partners include military services, the intelligence community, the Energy Department, NASA, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and others.

In May 2022, the U.S. held its first open hearing about UAPs in 50 years.  The hearing primarily discussed a 2021 report from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence about 144 incidents studied by the Pentagon’s Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force that are currently unexplainable. During the hearing, speakers noted a lack of and need for data to better address these incidents.

While the sources of the UAPs are unknown, defense officials noted there has been no affirmative evidence that these anomalies came from aliens, although some appear to use advanced or interesting technologies, according to Kirkpatrick.

“At this time, the answer’s no, we have nothing,” Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security Ronald Moultrie said.  “We have not seen anything that would – – but we’re certainly very early on – – that would lead us to believe that any of the objects that we have seen are of alien origin, if you will.  If we find something like that, we will look at it and analyze it and take the appropriate actions.”

Instead, officials emphasized the need to better collect and analyze data, including standardizing data collected across the DOD and the rest of government to better understand and resolve the UAPs.  Congress has echoed this sentiment, as the 2023 NDAA requires the defense secretary and the director of national intelligence to create a secure way to report on anything relating to UAPs and related government or contractor efforts.

AARO is currently looking at several hundred UAPs, in addition to the 144 from the 2021 report, and prioritizing UAP reports near military operations or other areas important to national security, according to Kirkpatrick.

The officials noted that there is currently no evidence of unidentified trans-medium phenomenon – – meaning a UAP that, for example, went from under water to flying in the air.

According to Moultrie, the DOD is concerned about anything that is near its bases, installations and assets, no matter the location.  He added that the government is tracking and characterizing phenomena mainly into adversarial activities, amateur activities and anomalous activities.

Without discussing details about the UAPs, Moultrie noted that “there are a lot more civilian drones that are being flown today and other things that have been put up in the skies … I think it would be safe to say that there will be probably a number of these activities that can be characterized as non-adversarial systems – – things like balloons and things like [unmanned aerial vehicles] – – that are operated for purposes other than surveillance or intelligence collection.”

However, Kirkpatrick noted that there is “not a single answer for all of this.”  He indicated that there is reason to believe that some of these UAPs pose a threat to American national security.  But, Moultrie added that they are still working to resolve some of the cases, and “some of them probably could not be characterized as civilian balloons or [unmanned aircraft systems] or UAVs or whatever.  So, in the absence of being able to resolve what something is, we assume that it may be hostile. And so, we have to take that seriously.”

Moultrie did not want to comment about the government’s ability to resolve UAPs in space at the roundtable because of the sensitive nature of the topic.

And though there is no direct evidence of extraterrestrial technology, Kirkpatrick stated that there are UAPs using unusual or interesting technologies.

“There are things that appear to demonstrate interesting flight dynamics that we are fully investigating and researching right now,” he said, adding that this could be sensor phenomenology – – or how sensors register an occurrence – – the flight dynamics of the platform or an illusion.

When asked if there is previous evidence of alien visitation to Earth – – whether from crashed craft or living or deceased extraterrestrial beings, if discounting meteorites with microbes and only talking about intelligent life visiting or crashing on Earth – – Moultrie stated current information does not suggest this has occurred.

In the holdings that the office has gone through – – which Moultrie defined as “documentation, things that people may have said, interviews that people may have had, or memos that somebody may have written” – – he affirmed that “I have not seen anything in those holdings to date that would suggest that there has been an alien visitation, an alien crash or anything like that.”  He noted that AARO is still retrospectively analyzing data.

In the research I’ve been doing, I’ve not heard, seen or heard of anything at this time that would support that,” Kirkpatrick added.




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Pentagon ordered to re-investigate 1945 crash of an ‘avocado-shaped’ UFO in New Mexico

By Josh Roswell and Chris Sharp, DAIL MAIL, December 29, 2022:




Last week President Biden signed a new military spending bill, amended to incorporate a UFO case from 1945.

The sighting involved a 1945 crash in New Mexico, about 100 miles from Roswell.

Jaques Vallée, a former contractor for the government’s UFO office, wrote a book about the case and described it to DAILY MAIL.

Vallée was the inspiration for François Truffaut’s character in Close Encounters.

The government’s UFO office has been ordered to re-investigate an alleged 1945 crash of a strange object in New Mexico – dubbed the ‘Roswell before Roswell‘.

A new military spending bill signed into law by President Biden last week was specifically amended to incorporate the intriguing case into a historic review of UFO incidents to be conducted by the Department of Defense.

In August 1945 there was a crash of an avocado-shaped ‘craft’ on the edge of the atomic bomb testing site near San Antonio, New Mexico.  

 ‘There was a gouge in the earth as long as a football field, and a circular object at the end of it… It was the color of the old pot my mother was always trying to shine up, a dull metallic color,’ one witness said

The National Defense Authorization Act which passed Congress this month includes a section requiring the Department of Defense’s All-domain Anomaly Resolution Office (AARO) to review and prepare a report on all previous government investigations of UFOs dating back to 1945.

The bill’s text previously only went back to 1947, but a late amendment changed it to ’45.

‘I was not involved in the drafting of the legislation, but several of my DC friends were, and they got the date of the investigation pushed back to 1945,’ Vallée told DAILY MAIL.

Vallée and Italian UFO journalist Paola Harris’ 2021 book, TRINITY:  THE BEST KEPT SECRET  was re-released this year with new information.

‘Several of the Congressmen involved have the book that Paola Harris and I wrote about our research at (the alleged crash site called) Trinity.’

Vallée and Italian UFO journalist Harris’s 2021 book, TRINITY:  THE BEST KEPT SECRET was re-released this year with new information, and is mainly based around testimony of three witnesses: a B-25 bomber pilot, and two young sons of a rancher on whose land the UFO supposedly crashed.

The two researchers interviewed the family of Lt. Col William Brothy, who said he revealed in the years after the incident that he was sent out to survey the crash site on August 16, 1945.

‘The first witness was a bomber pilot who was coming in for landing at Alamogordo (the neighboring airbase),’ Vallée told DAILY MAIL.  ‘He was asked by the controllers to look at a communication tower that had lost signal.

‘He told the story to his family.  His son gave us the recollection of what his father had described.

‘Flying over, he saw the tower was bent, as if it had been hit by something very hard.  And then he saw in the vegetation some distance away a large egg-shaped object.  And there were two little kids that he called little Indians, on their horses next to the object.’

Vallée says those two kids were Jose Padilla, 9, and Reme Baca, 7.

Padilla, now 86, became a Highway Patrol officer for 32 years, and Baca, who died in 2013, became a marine and later a senior staffer for Washington Governor Dixy Lee Ray.

The crash was on the edge of the atomic bomb testing site near San Antonio, New Mexico – about 100 miles from the infamous Roswell crash two years later.

They kept their story secret for more than 50 years, at last deciding to come forward in 2003 in an interview with a journalist from their hometown.

In interviews with Vallée and Harris decades after the crash, they described stumbling across the wreckage of a craft while looking for a lost cow on Padilla’s father’s ranch by the Rio Grande on August 16, 1945.

Reme Baca was seven at the time.  He died in 2013.  He was a marine and later a senior staffer for Washington Governor Dixy Lee Ray.

‘We heard this sound and the ground shook,’ Baca said in one interview.  ‘We saw smoke coming from maybe a couple of canyons down… We worked our way down the ridge.

‘There was a gouge in the earth as long as a football field, and a circular object at the end of it… It was the color of the old pot my mother was always trying to shine up, a dull metallic color.’

He said he could feel the heat from the crash ‘through the soles of your shoes’.  Baca said he picked up a piece of foil-like metal that sprung back to its original shape when folded.

‘Strange-looking creatures were moving around inside,’ he added.  ‘They looked under stress.  They moved fast, as if they were able to will themselves from one position to another in an instant.  They were shadowy and expressionless, but definitely living beings.

‘They had big bulgy eyes.  Four foot tall, and they were real thin, needle-thin arms… Their heads looked like a campamocha (praying mantis).

‘They seemed like us – children, not dangerous.  But we were scared and exhausted.

The boys fled home on their horses and told Padilla’s father what they had seen.  Faustino Padilla told them it probably belonged to the Army and to ignore it.  But they persuaded him to check out the site two days later with state policeman Eddie Apodaca.

Baca and Padilla said the ‘craft’ was still there, but the debris was gone, the object covered with dirt, and the ground appeared to have been raked.

The next day an Army sergeant named Avila, showed up at the ranch, asking Faustino if they could cut out his fence, put in a gate and grade a road to the crash site for a tractor-trailer, Baca said.

‘We have one of our experimental weather balloons that inadvertently fell on your property,’ Baca remembered the sergeant saying.

In 2015 Vallée had a spectroscopy analysis performed on the metal panel they said they recovered from the wreckage.  It points to a mundane, man-made origin. 

Over the following week, the two boys snuck out to the site and used binoculars to spy on a unit of Army officers who stood guard, loaded the 25 by 14 foot, roughly five ton ‘avocado-shaped’ object onto a flatbed truck, and covered it with blue tarpaulins, they told Harris.

There was no sign of the creatures they claimed they saw on the 16th.

On the last day, the boys plucked up the courage to sneak up and peek under the tarp while the young, bored soldiers were at lunch.

‘Jose said, ‘I think they’re going to take it tonight.’ I said ‘Yeah, how about a souvenir?’ Baca told Harris.

‘Jose pulls part of the tarp off, exposing the gash on the side of the craft, while I hold the tarp open. Jose climbs into the gash.’

They described ‘ridges’ inside every few feet, ‘silvery colored strands’ like angel hair decorations, and a 2.5ft metal panel attached to the rear wall with pins.

‘No seats or anything,’ Baca said.  ‘It must have been cleaned out, or maybe there weren’t any.  Couldn’t see any instruments, like gauges, clocks, steering wheel, brake pedals, nothing like that.’

The plucky kids grabbed a crowbar from the tractor, used it to rip the large panel off the wall, and scurried off.

They said they hid the metal under the floorboards of a nearby building, and kept quiet about the case, fearing retribution by the Army against their families – especially after officers came to search Faustino’s house.

In interviews with Vallée and Harris decades after the crash, Padilla described stumbling across the wreckage of a craft while looking for a lost cow on Padilla’s father’s ranch by the Rio Grande on August 16, 1945.  

Baca and Padilla eventually moved away and lost contact until 2002 when Baca reconnected with his old friend via a genealogy search.  It was then they decided to tell their story.

The metal is ‘aluminum primarily alloyed to copper and silicon’ the report by Frontier Analysis said, a mix often used for ‘engine crankcases, gas and oil tanks, engine oil pans, typewriter frames, and engine parts.’ The isotopic ratios for the metals in the panel are within the range found on Earth.

The foil-like metal that Baca claimed he picked up has been lost – after he allegedly used it to fix a leaking pipe on the ranch as a boy.

While other researchers have abandoned the case due to the lack of results and paper trail, Vallée says it did not diminish the mystery for him.

‘We have yet to ask what an ordinary, human fragment of some low-tech aluminum gadget was doing aboard a fantastic craft dropping from the sky in the middle of a storm, shattering the Marconi Tower of the White Sands Missile Range as its crew of diminutive insectoids skidded weirdly through the cabin,’ he wrote in his book.

‘You can’t nail an aluminum bracket to the interior wall of a weather balloon, no matter how sophisticated. Every nine-year-old kid in New Mexico knows that.’

Vallée, who worked as a contractor for a previous reincarnation of the government’s UFO office, the Advanced Aerospace Weapon System Applications Program, told DAILY MAIL he is hopeful that a review of the Trinity alleged crash by the new UFO office will turn up further evidence.

‘It will re-open the research on a more historically accurate and significant time scale,’ he said.

And the data scientist believes he knows where AARO investigators should go looking:  the Department of Energy.

‘Reme Baca assisted Dixy Lee Ray in winning the election as governor of Washington in 1976.  She had been chair of the Atomic Energy Commission (1973 to 1975),’ he said.

‘She showed Reme when he was helping her in the campaign, a record of the recovery of the craft.  It was secret, she did not leave it with him.  But she indicated that there was a record in the files of the Atomic Energy Commission.’

Intriguingly, the new defense budget legislation signed into law last week also includes a whistleblower program for reporting ‘deep black’ UFO programs to Congress.

In May, the House Intelligence Committee held its first public hearing on UFOs in 54 years where panel members grilled Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence Scott Bray and Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security Ronald Moultrie.

In May, the House Intelligence Committee held its first public hearing on UFOs in 54 years where panel members grilled Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence Scott Bray (left) and Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security Ronald Moultrie.

An amendment to the 2023 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) gives protections to any whistleblowers coming forward to congress in classified briefings to disclose any previously hidden programs on ‘unidentified anomalous phenomena’ involving ‘material retrieval, material analysis’ and even ‘reverse engineering’ and ‘developmental or operational testing’.

Former UFO office director Lue Elizondo told DAILY MAIL:  ‘This language is truly revolutionary in terms of ensuring the American people can finally get to the bottom of a decades-old mystery.’

Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, Christopher Mellon, added that the new laws mean AARO is no longer a ‘toothless organization, and now has ‘personnel, authority, resources and strong support from Congress.’

Another NDAA amendment requires the UFO office to compile ‘a written report detailing the historical record of the United States Government relating to unidentified anomalous phenomena’ going back to January 1 1945.

The review will include ‘successful or unsuccessful efforts to identify and track unidentified anomalous phenomena’, and ‘any efforts to obfuscate, manipulate public opinion, hide, or otherwise provide incorrect unclassified or classified information’.

Once Biden signs the bill, AARO director Sean Kirkpatrick will have 540 days to write the report, meaning his deadline will be June 2024.



Many folks seem to dismiss this topic immediately simply because it was taken up by a British tabloid, DAILY MAIL.

However, this is not about DAILY MAIL.   This is about a legitimate item of interest which had been taken up by other sources for many years, including such researchers as Ben Moffett who wrote about it extensively in 2003. (https://www.rense.com/general44/nmxx.htm).  Also New Mexico’s well-known astronomer Dr. Lincoln La Paz seemed to have been aware about it (http://www.the-wanderling.com/la_paz.html).

It so happens that DAILY MAIL picked this story up since just recently they had a chance to directly interview the two well-known researchers  (Dr. Jacque Vallee and Paola Harris)  that co-wrote this fascinating book TRINITY:   THE BEST KEPT SECRET, which came out last year.

As far as “re-investigation” is concerned, this will never happen.

My take on this alleged incident of August, 1945, is that while I am quite skeptical of any physical extraterrestrial spacecraft of any kind ever having visited us, I keep an open mind because we still do not know for sure what “reality” is.  The bottom line, to me, is that who are we to determine that this incident was not “staged” by sentient paraphysical, extra-dimensional entities to a handful of select observers (including two children) for reasons yet unknown?   

As Dr. Vallee pointed out, there is no physical evidence left in this incident that it was an extraterrestrial, physical event.  Where was the recovered “craft” taken to?   What happened to the “occupants”?   

So far, absolutely no physical evidence whatsoever.

Yet, he (just like me) believes that this was  (at least to the witnesses)  a real physical incident that took place.  But in this mysterious world, not everything has to be exclusively physical.  There is a possibility that this was a temporarily materialized intrusion into our physical realm and “staged” by unknown entities for reasons yet unknown.

Let’s hear what Dr. Jacques Vallee says about this incident:



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The mysterious Urraca Mesa of northern New Mexico

(Photo, courtesy of AJWood)

by Harper Sullivan, from MY STRANGE NEW MEXICO, February 4, 2020, http://www.mystrangenewmexico.com/2020/02/04/hell-on-a-mesa/


Tourists!  Come to New Mexico!  Come to the Land of Enchantment. 

Spend a weekend flying down the slopes of Taos Ski Valley.  Explore the shops of the historic Santa Fe plaza.  Marvel at the vibrant colors of the International Balloon Fiesta.  And stand at the very door of Hell itself—with nothing between you and all its demons but a juniper-scented breeze.

That’s right, folks: the gateway to the underworld swings open right here—in New Mexico—on a lonely, high desert mesa.


That mesa, Urraca Mesa, is a towering, steep-sided, basalt-capped plateau, approximately two miles long by a half-mile wide.  Its slopes and upper ledge rise crowded with ponderosa pines, strewn with hidden ruins and petroglyphs, and populated by wild turkeys, black bears, mountain lions, and the happily noisy urracas—magpies—for which it’s named. 

Rising over the mountains and canyons of the southeastern corner of the Philmont Scout Ranch—a sizeable, Boy Scouts of America-owned campground in northeastern New Mexico—Urraca Mesa contains so much iron and magnetite that lightning strikes it all year round, more than it does anyplace else in the entire state.  This high concentration of magnetic elements has also been blamed for compasses becoming unreliable, mesa-top photographs developing in strange and distorted ways, and a ghostly blue glow sometimes seen along the mesa’s rim.

In 1968, geologist F. Leo Misaqi conducted a study of the myriad abnormal traits in the area’s rocks, and concluded only that, “There is no simple explanation for [the] geochemical anomalies….

The mesa also possesses an extensive and eclectic human history—of Ancestral Puebloan Indians (or Anasazi), Navajos, Apaches, Mexican settlers, mountain men, cowboys, and Boy Scouts—and an extraordinary number of these visitors have claimed to have seen things there that defy comprehension. 

On topographical maps, the bulging, westernmost end of the mostly level Urraca Mesa vaguely resembles a human skull, and in that skull’s eye, a highpoint of the mesa, there is allegedly a portal—a portal to a place referred to by American Indians as Hell, the Underworld, the Netherworld, the Fourth World, and the Fifth Dimension—a portal used to slip from that world into ours.

Certain Navajo medicine men of the area, having studied the mesa’s enigmatic petroglyphs, believe that several hundred years ago—around the time of the sudden disappearance of the region’s Anasazi—an intense battle was fought on top of Urraca Mesa between the people of the Earth and the evil spirits of the Underworld.  Humankind only barely managed to win this battle, before forcing their enemies back into Hell through a spot of ground on Urraca Mesa.   

“Even today the mesa is taboo to local tribes including the Utes and Jicarilla Apaches,” wrote Ken and Sharon Hudnall in Spirits of the Border IV: The History and Mystery of New Mexico.

Following the battle, the ancient Indians of the area charged their most powerful medicine man with watching the doorway—and yet demons and evil spirit creatures have still allegedly made it through, leaving Hell to hunt down the souls of their enemies, drag those into the gateway, and secure them there with them in Hell. 

Many visitors to the mesa today claim to have glimpsed some of these demonic beings—beings such as a three-foot-tall, pitch-black, humanoid form that darts from tree to tree after hikers, before appearing in their tents late at night.  Others claim to have had encounters with historic people and animals that seem to have been altered forever, perhaps by exposure to weird energies or by accidentally wandering through the gateway and into someplace different. 

According to Michael Connelly in Riders in the Sky: The Ghosts and Legends of Philmont Scout Ranch, these include a herd of ghostly horses that can be heard thundering across the sky, and a never-found 1940s-era Boy Scout sometimes seen crying around a campfire.  According to Connelly, when people talk with the scout and volunteer to help him hike down, the boy simply whispers, “I can’t,” and disappears.

Another account, posted on a 2003 online forum by “Amazingracer,” recalls the story of a former Philmont staff member who, while camped out alone atop the mesa, woke up during a late-night rainstorm and saw “a blue vertical line appear a few feet above the ground and then drop like a curtain,” out of which came charging a group of American Indians on horseback.  The story is intriguing, but since it ends with the sole witness running panicked into a barbed-wire fence and then bleeding to death, you really have to wonder how anyone would have heard it.

Many others claim to have seen the old medicine man himself—sometimes dressed as a man, although glowing blue, sometimes disguised as a mountain lion or a raven or a bear, and sometimes in the form of floating orbs of blue light

One modern-day legend, recounted in Lori and Jared Chatterley’s When the Sun Goes Down: A Collection of Philmont Ghost Stories, tells of two early-twentieth-century astronomers conducting a study from two different mesas, Urraca and the nearby Fowler Mesa.  Every other day the two men would meet to check in with each other and compare notes, but every time they met, the Urraca Mesa astronomer seemed moodier and more introspective, talking often about unusual blue lights that kept interfering with his work.  Before long, the man stopped showing up for the scheduled meetings, and when the other astronomer went to find him, all he found was his notebook, detailing an apparent descent into a madness of blue lights, blue glows, a mysterious hum, disembodied chanting, and drumbeats.  The notebook, many versions of this story claim, is now kept on file at Philmont’s headquarters.

Other pieces of local lore tell of four intricately carved wooden “cat totems” placed centuries ago at the four corners of Urraca Mesa by the apparition of the medicine man, placed as charms to keep the more malevolent spirits of the mesa from ever climbing down.  Only two of these totems supposedly remain today, but when the last of them falls, the legends say, our entire world will share in the unknown fate of Urraca Mesa’s first residents.

If or when that happens, and if the stories are true, there will then be no need for visitors to come to New Mexico to see the demons of Hell. 

These demons will be everywhere, and they will find you, and they will drag you here themselves.



The area in question is located south of Cimarron.

From Santa Fe, take I-25 north to Springer, New Mexico.   Then, from Springer take State Rd. 21 west.   Go past Miami.   Then keep going past Miami Lake.   Go past Rayado.   Soon you will see Mesa Urraca Campground in the short distance to the left.   There is a dirt road toward it.  The rest is up to you.



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What could be part of the B-21 ‘family of systems’? – – New Report Offers Some Insight

(ILLUSTRATION) — An artist illustration depicts a U.S. Air Force extended-range B-21 Raider escorted on a mission by armed unmanned next generation air dominance platforms. This fictional bomber features longer, wider wings, and a deeper fuselage that accomodates larger fuel tanks and dual weapons bays that enables the bomber to carry a much larger and varied payload. Mike Tsukamoto/staff; Greg Davis/USAF

Dec. 8, 2022 | By Greg Hadley, AIR & SPACE FORCES MAGAZINE


With the unveiling of the B-21 Raider, speculation and interest in the new bomber have reached a fever pitch, with a first flight still to come in mid-2023. 

But the B-21 won’t just be about the large, flying wing aircraft that rolled out in Palmdale, Calif., on Dec. 2.  Air Force officials have frequently spoken about the Raider becoming the lead element of a so-called “family of systems,” and Air Force Secretary Frank Kendall has made defining that family of systems one of his seven “operational imperatives” for the department.

What exactly will be included in that family remains unknown, but a new research paper from the Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies, informed by an unclassified workshop that gathered Air Force leaders, planners, and operators along with industry partners, offers some insight into what might be considered.

“What we haven’t heard much about is the family of systems that is going to accompany [the B-21].  Just dribs and drabs of information.  So this report might actually help … get a handle on some of the capabilities that might be in that family of systems, including weapons, that could help reduce risk and increase the effectiveness of our combat forces,” said retired Col. Mark Gunzinger, the Mitchell Institute’s director of future concepts and capability assessments and a co-author of the paper.

The three-day workshop, held this summer, was meant in part to develop concepts for what the Air Force calls “autonomous collaborative platforms”—relatively cheap drones that can fly alongside manned aircraft, operating with some level of independence. 

The most high-profile example of these ACPs has been the Air Force’s planned collaborative combat aircraft, intended mainly for fighters.  But Caitlin Lee, one of the workshop’s leads and co-author of the  paper, noted that in discussions with the Air Force Research Laboratory, officials have said they envision “a whole family of potential capabilities and a range of different mission sets that this could actually involve.”

The workshop was aimed at exploring one of those mission sets—the long-range penetrating strike mission that the B-21 will take on.  Three teams of experts were tasked with designing up to three kinds of unmanned aircraft to aid the bomber in strikes against an air base, a maritime threat, and a transporter erector launcher in a hypothetical conflict with China in 2030.

In all three cases, no constraints were put on what kind of aircraft the teams could create, but none of them opted for an “exquisite unmanned fighter” or “exquisite unmanned bomber” that could match the B-21’s range, Lee noted.  That’s in line with Kendall’s own comments this past July that the department had determined that a long-range uncrewed escort for the B-21 was cost-prohibitive.

Instead, the three teams created a mix of UAVs, most with a range of a few thousand miles, a few launched from other bombers.  And the capabilities given to each varied as well—some designed to provide defensive counterair; others as intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platforms gathering data; others for suppression of enemy air defenses; and still others as escorts.

“Two-thirds of the teams design ACPs for counterair, which really speaks to the need for survivability for these penetrating strike packages, where they’re operating in this highly contested air environment,” Lee said. “ … And then ISR was another really important mission.  Three of the ACPs had a primary role for that, but I think all ACPs had sensors of some kind or another, because that tracking, especially mobile targets, in contested airspace is a real challenge.”

Just as notably, the teams sought large quantities of ACPs and were willing to trade off some capability for quantity, Lee noted.

“If the Air Force is able to buy larger numbers of lower-cost ACPs, that could really drive down risk,” Lee said. “And it’s all about the modest platforms in large numbers versus trying to put more sophisticated capabilities to get that operational advantage.”

The exact rundown of the intended missions and numbers of drones the teams in the workshop decided on are as follows:

Maritime threat

ACP 1: Defensive counterair, 40

ACP 2: ISR, communications relay, 10

ACP 3: Strike, 20

Transporter erector launcher

ACP 1: Escort, suppression of enemy air defenses, 10

ACP 2: ISR, Suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD), offensive counterair, 144 (24 per bomber)

ACP 3: ISR, SEAD, offensive counterair, 120 (20 per bomber)

Air base attack

ACP 1: Escort, 8

ACP 2: SEAD, 16 initially, increased to 32

ACP 3: Jamming, 8

In all three cases, the workshop experts determined that the addition of these uncrewed teammates reduced risk for the missions.  But the authors did note that for the air base attack, in particular, the risk wasn’t driven down as much because the current class of precision-guided munitions require bombers to fly extremely close to targets, assuming a permissive environment.

“So that is a collateral finding and recommendation from this effort—that the Air Force needs to develop those mid-range weapons that will optimize the strike power and lethality of our penetrating assets,” Gunzinger said.

Indeed, some of the ACPs designed by the teams in the workshops were essentially loitering munitions—designed to fly above targets and then attack, only to be used once.  And as the B-21 continues to develop, new kinds of munitions could very well join that family of systems, too, Lee noted.

“This family could have all kinds of different capabilities in it, whether it’s space assets, munitions, and potentially ACPs,” Lee said.




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My involvement with Area 51 research – – Norio Hayakawa

(PHOTO, courtesy of Stephen Bradford and Justin Jay Jones)

What got me first interested in Area 51 in 1987 was when I received from a Los Angeles-based writer named Bill Moore a copy of a satellite photo of Groom Lake taken by the Russians.  He sent me a ten-page research paper on the secretive military base.  I was quite fascinated by it.  Subsequently I met Bill Moore at one of his lectures in L.A.   In the same year, I attended a presentation given by Bill Steinman who had written a book entitled “The Crash at Aztec” in which a chapter was devoted also to the mysterious base in Nevada.

In October of 1988 I had an opportunity to watch an interesting two-hour syndicated TV program produced by FOX television entitled  UFO COVER-UP LIVE  in which Area 51 was briefly mentioned.  Also in October of 1988, a researcher by the name of Tal Levesque  (a.k.a. Jason Bishop)  showed me an interesting ad for Amoco Oil Company that appeared on page 50 of AVIATION WEEK & SPACE TECHNOLOGY magazine in which it was promoting a new technology based on new composite materials that would “revolutionize” the aviation industry.  A weird thing was that there was a full-page color “portrait” of a grey “alien” right across from the page, i.e., on page 51.  A strange synchronicity indeed!

In the summer of 1989 I was listening to a late-night Las Vegas radio talk show  (the Billy Goodman show , which I could catch in L.A. area)  in which an alleged former government scientist named Bob Lazar was appearing almost nightly, talking about his work at a secret base just south of Area 51.

In early November of 1989 I made my first trip to Rachel, Nevada.  When I arrived there that evening, the Rachel Bar & Restaurant  (now known as the Little A-le-Inn)  was filled with people and was quite noisy.  There was a large party given by Billy Goodman.  Billy Goodman had come to Rachel with a huge chartered bus filled with his listeners who were interested in going near the place where Bob Lazar was talking about, even though Rachel was 25 miles north of Area 51.

In 1989 I also attended a MUFON conference in Las Vegas in which a wide array of “controversial personalities” such as John Lear, Bill Cooper, Bill English and Bill Moore were all giving presentations.  I was totally fascinated by all these events and personalities.  However, those days were my days of gullibility and immaturity.

In December of 1989 I was contacted by Nippon Television  (NTV)  of Japan to help produce a two-hour special program on Area 51 that was to be shown in Japan.  On February 21 of 1990, I took the Nippon Television team to Bob Lazar’s residence in Las Vegas to interview the so-called former “government scientist”.  After the 4-hour interview, Bob Lazar gave us instructions how to get to the point where we would probably see a test flight of the “craft”.

At sundown on Wednesday, February 21, the television crew of 8 and I set up several tripods right at the now-famous “black mailbox” at Highway 375  (at the 29 and a half mile marker, the so-called Mail Box Road).  We witnessed and documented on film what appeared to be a test flight of “something” over the Groom Mountains.  I was totally fascinated by what we all saw from a distance.

Subsequently the two-hour documentary on Area 51 was broadcast nationwide in Japan in March of 1990 and generated lots of attention there, when Area 51 was not even a household name in the United States at that time!  That was the beginning of my ten-year span of involvement in the research on Area 51.

I really wanted to get to the bottom of this mysterious base – – what truly was going on over there.  Was there any extraterrestrial technology there?  However, those years were my years of naivete and immaturity.  I began a loosely-knit networked called the Civilian Intelligence Network, together with Gary Schultz of Santa Monica.  Since then I made countless trips to the perimeter areas, including climbing atop White Sides to view the facility from the distance in 1991, 1992 and 1993.  I also had an opportunity to Climb atop the Freedom Ridge very early in 1994 to view the facility before it was placed off limits to the public.

In December of 1990 I even organized and led a 25-car caravan to Area 51 together with Gary Schultz and invited an L.A. Times reporter to cover the event.  The article appeared in March of 1991 in L.A. Times.  In May of 1991 a group of seven vehicles that I was leading came under dangerous harassment by a military helicopter  (CH-53)  on Groom Lake Road.  During those years, the anonymous security vehicles were all large Broncos and the omnipresence of security vehicles on various dirt roads on public land was quite intimidating.  We also had quite a number of run-ins with the Lincoln County Sheriff Deputies.  At that time Freedom Ridge was not known.

In 1992 I co-sponsored the first  NEED TO KNOW SEMINAR  at the Little A-Le-Inn with Gary Schultz.  The Little A-Le-Inn was filled with people  (standing room only)  that evening.  The only speakers at the Seminar were Gary Schultz and yours truly.  However, among the audience that memorable evening were John Lear, George Knapp, Bob Lazar, Bill Cooper, Sean Morton, Lincoln County Sheriff Dahl Bradfield and a whole wide array of personalities all under the same roof intensely listening to our presentation.

In those days I was very much into conspiracy theories.  However, I had a very different take on the subject matter.  My belief then was that there was nothing “alien” about Area 51, that the so-called “extraterrestrial” connection to Area 51 was just a convenient cover story brilliantly concocted and promoted by the “government” to conceal developments of new military weapons systems integrated with avionics and aeronautics technology.  Nevertheless I was categorized as part of the fringe personalities.  But again, those were my years of gullibility and immaturity.

In 1993 Gary Shultz and I organized the first  ULTIMATE SEMINAR  in Rachel.  There were about 250 people that came from all parts of the U.S. for that seminar.  Bob Lazar was the main speaker.  He drove in from Las Vegas with his Corvette and his license number was MJ-12!  That seminar became his first public speaking appearance.   It was held at the parking lot of the Little A-Le-Inn under a huge military tent which Joe Travis later on, I believe, said that he had “borrowed” from the base!

It was around that year that Glenn Campbell, a computer analyst from the East Coast had settled down in Rachel to find out what was going on at Area 51, hearing all the commotions about the goings-on in Nevada.  He subsequently made an extensive research on the whole area, and became a major source of coverage in the major media concerning the “secret base”.  Glenn Campbell “discovered” the spot known as Freedom Ridge, the view of the facility from which was slightly closer than from White Sides.  The rest is history.

Therefore I was one of several Area 51 activists during the Pre-Glenn Campbell years, the years when Area 51 was still not a popular “secret” base as it is now.  Towards the late nineties my interest shifted to more realistic issues surrounding Area 51.  I became more interested in the plight of former workers at Groom Lake.

In 1998 I organized the first People’s Rally at Area 51 to bring attention to the media the situation of the workers and other relevant issues.

In January of 2000, I decided to “retire” from further active research on Area 51.  I also began to abandon conspiratorial theories, realizing that Area 51 is a vital research, development and testing complex that is here to stay, no matter what.  I believe it is vital for our national defense.

I met Joerg Arnu in San Jose in 1999 when I was giving one of my last public presentations on Area 51.  It was such a great pleasure to have met Joerg.  What a tremendous honor it is for me to pass along this seemingly endless but interesting research and pursuit on the nation’s fascinating premier R & D and test base to Joerg Arnu and his Dreamland Resort site and his excellent staff.



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